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Connected point distributions,
trigonometric waves, conformal structures.
The same three pieces printed in over
twenty different geometric variations.
ARRANGEMENT OF ALL PRINTED LATTICE VARIATIONS
CLOSE-UP OF LATTICE PIECE DESIGN VARIANTS
Inspired by crystalline structures found in nature,
engineered lattices organize a network of repeated cells
that house variants of beams and surfaces.
Solid forms can now be viewed as voids to be filled
with intricate linkages of developable geometries.
Structural optimization through the benefits of
weight reduction, zonal strengthening, and adaptive behavior.
GROUP OF VORONOI SAMPLES DIFFERING IN DENSITY, THICKNESS, AND MATERIAL
The skin of a giraffe, honey combs, and cells on a leaf.
A procedural formation around distributed points
that favors the shortest path and the tightest fit,
mimicking nature's tendency for efficiency.
Natural conformation to the part’s boundary,
it’s behavior can be adjusted by the
distance between points and the thickness of beams.
LAYOUT OF VORONOI SAMPLES FROM LEAST TO MOST DENSE
FOCUSED IMAGE OF VORONOI MODEL
ANIMATION OF VORONOI PARTS TO EXHIBIT STRUCTURAL BEHAVIOR
‘Minimal surface’ refers to a surface that spans the smallest
possible area within a given boundary — i.e. soap bubbles.
‘Triply periodic’ meaning repeated in three-dimensions,
creating a crystalline structure.
All TPMS variations are generated with
basic algebraic operation of sine and cosine curves.
Depending on how you add, subtract, divide, or multiply
the implicit field of these curves, you can control the resulting
thickness, spacing, and orientation of the pattern
DISPLAY OF TPMS PATTERN MANIPULATION
IMAGE OF GYROID VARIATION WITH ENLARGED CAVITIES
ARRANGEMENT OF THE SAME DIAMOND PATTERN UNDER VARYING ALGEBRAIC OPERATION
IMAGE OF TPMS DIAMOND PIECE THAT HIGHLIGHTS ITS INTERNAL CHANNELS
ANIMATION OF TPMS SHAPES DIFFERING IN PARAMETER AND MATERIAL
The cube-based construction of many traditional lattices
presents a challenge when conforming to curved volumes.
Either the part must be intersected with a larger lattice cube,
leaving irregular struts, or very small unit cells
must be used to closely approximate the curve.
Alternatively, you could generate the cells directly from
the part’s curved side surfaces, but a singularity
is formed in part’s center where all the beams
will merge together into a dense axis.
This 'lotus pattern' explores possible ways of
addressing this singularity, either eliminating it all together
or forming a separate inner section that
seamlessly connects to the outer region.
LAYOUT OF 'LOTUS PATTERN' MODELS
OVERHEAD IMAGE OF PATTERN CREATION METHOD PAIRINGS
IMAGE DETAILING THE CONFIRMITY OF BEAMS
IMAGE OF THE VORONOI, TPMS, AND CUBIC LATTICES
EnvisionOne - ETEC
Rhino & Grasshopper
Elastic Tough Rubber 90 - Adaptive3D
Elastic Tough Rubber 70 - Adaptive3D
Loctite 3D IND402 - Adaptive3D
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